MIGF objectives and tasks

The main objective of the Moldova Internet Governance Forum is to consolidate various categories of actors (public sector, civil society, technical community and academia, private sector, international organizations) to discuss, within a multilateral, democratic and transparent process, the most important public policy issues related to the Internet, as well as security in the virtual environment. The MIGF promotes open discussions and dialogue with a view to identifying a common approach on how to promote the Internet and manage the risks and challenges that arise regarding its use and evolution. 

The major directions of the Forum activity are:

  • Protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms on Internet, support of democratic process and the rule of law;
  • Support of implementation of the Internet governance with the participation of all stakeholders;
  • Support of harmonization of international regulations and local legislation;
  • Support of enhancing of Internet users’ rights and capabilities;
  • Promotion of the universalization of the Internet;
  • Support of Internet security and reliability, sustainability and credibility;
  • Support of formation of the decentralized approaches of the Internet governance based on social responsibility;
  • Support of introduction of innovation, new technologies and services in the Internet sector;
  • Introduction of the principles of open access and freedom of user’s choice;
  • Facilitation of the cultural and linguistic diversity in the Internet as well as support of development of local content.

The role of a neutral secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum in Moldova is entrusted to the Association "Comunitatea Internet" - a non-governmental organization that supports and promotes the development of the open, secure, trustworthy, and unified global Internet.

MIGF main goals:
  • to point out to various stakeholders the opportunities for involvement in Internet governance processes relevant to their business and activities, and to encourage dialogue and, if necessary, help in capacity building for better understanding Internet-related topics;
  • to empower and interest all stakeholders in Moldova to actively participate in national, and then directly or indirectly, regional and international Internet governance processes;
  • to identify Internet governance topics important to Moldova.

The relevance and methodology of the MIGF

Internet governance is defined as "the development and application by governments, the private sector, and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet" (Agenda for the information society, Tunis, 2005). The Global Internet Governance Forum was formed in 2006 under the auspices of the United Nations and is the result of the World Summit on the Information Society, held between 2003 and 2005. The MIGF event aims to create a national platform for dialogue and interaction with key stakeholders (both offline and online).

Offline participation implies:
  • Annual meetings of IGF / stakeholder groups;
  • Engagement in processes related to elaboration, implementation, monitoring or evaluation of Internet Governance policies, as a part of workshops, roundtable meetings, capacity building sessions, public consultations, others initiated by public institutions, international development partners or CSOs.
Online participation implies:
  • Regular development and dissemination of information materials on updates related to Internet governance issues;
  • Communication through a mailing list;
  • Connecting MIGF participants to global and regional level or events dedicated to Internet Governance issues (United Nations IGF, regional and sub-regional forums, ICANN, Internet Society, Freedom Online Coalition, RightsCon, others).
MIGF core principles:
  • Openness and transparency (allowing all interested parties to participate in the IGF, public insight into all parts of the IGF's work);
  • Inclusivity (enable active involvement of all stakeholders, including the creation of a dedicated website or webpage, creation of a mailing list and/or an open platform, creation of dedicated social media pages, etc.);
  • Bottom-up approach (the decision-making process of the MIGF initiative should be bottom-up, where substantive organization of the annual meeting should reflect the needs of the respective community the MIGF are acting within);
  • Non-commercial (IGF is not intended for sale of goods and services);
  • Multi-stakeholder (the approach refers to collaboration between all stakeholders - public sector, civil society, technical community and academia, private sector - around the development and implementation of an array of Internet-related principles, norms, rules, decision making procedures, and policies and programs).

Agenda

Below you'll find the Agenda for MIGF 2021
Working languages: Romanian, Russian, English.

Special Guests, Partners from Moldova and abroad, MIGF Organizing Committee:

  • Iurie Țurcanu, Deputy Prime-minister for Digitalization, Government of the Republic of Moldova
  • Stelian Manic, General Director of the Invest Moldova Agency
  • Chengetai Masango, Head of the United Nations Secretariat for the Internet Governance Forum
  • David Frautschy Heredia, Director for European Government and Regulatory Affairs at Internet Society (ISOC)
  • Mikhail Anisimov, Head of Global Stakeholder Engagement for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
  • Chris Buckridge, Head of External Relations for the RIPE NCC, Regional Internet Registry for Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia
  • Olga Kyryliuk, Chair at South Eastern European Dialogue on Internet Governance (SEEDIG), Technical Program Manager at ABA ROLI
  • Tattu Mambetalieva, Chair at Central Asian Internet Governance Forum (CAIGF)
  • Alexei Marciuc, Chairman of the Association“Comunitatea Internet”, National coordinator for the Moldova Internet Governance Forum (MIGF)

The fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the need to take concerted action to revive the economy and unlock growth factors, and the importance of engaging all stakeholders in this dialogue. Global economic growth was uneven even before the pandemic, as was progress on the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Moldova, like other countries, now have a chance to leverage the economic recovery as an opportunity towards sustainable and inclusive development.  

The digital economy can play a fundamental role as an enabler of opportunities for human development and economic improvement. The importance of investing in Information and communication technologies (ICTs), and making them available to all segments of populations, is one of the lessons of the recovery. Harnessing resources from multi-stakeholder partnerships can help facilitate needed investments in digital infrastructure and capacity building. Ensuring data privacy, security and rights will also be essential for the future of digital technologies in Moldova.

This high-level session will discuss, as one of the topics, how a synergetic approach to data, platform-driven services can pave the way to economic recovery and sustainable development – the factors that the post-pandemic world needs just like lungs need air. Specifically, it will reflect on reshuffling the existing order to move forward with accelerated digitalisation and have it implemented across the board, leaving no one behind. Whether we will come out stronger from this unprecedented crisis depends in large part on how effectively and comprehensively digital challenges are addressed for more equitable and sustainable human development.

Moderator: Dona Şcola, President of the DNT Association, co-founder of Generator Hub 

Speakers:

  • Olga Tumuruc, Director of the Electronic Government Agency
  • Iulian Popescu, Secretary of State for Research, Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitalization, Romania
  • Victor Spînu, Member of Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
  • Igor Ștefaneț, Head of Investment Attraction and Protection Department at Invest Moldova Agency
  • Mikhail Anisimov, Head of Global Stakeholder Engagement for Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
  • Veaceslav Cunev, Chairman of the board of the Moldovan Association of Information and Communications Technology Companies

Today we use ICT almost everywhere and rely on the Internet for a wide range of tasks, from simple to national and regional. At the same time, ICT systems are becoming more closely interconnected and rely on a variety of internal and external devices and applications. Solving any assigned tasks through or with the use of ICT carries the need to identify and eliminate cybersecurity risks. 

At the national or regional level, this becomes almost impossible without close collaboration between the public and private sectors, the technical community, the academic and research sector and civil society. Collaboration is essential to raise threat awareness and improve the resilience of information systems, digital services, and supporting infrastructure. The Internet today must justify the trust of its users and respond with concrete measures to ensure the safety of children in the virtual world, counter gender-based violence, cyberbullying and disinformation.

During the session, government organizations, law enforcement authorities, business, the tech community and civil society will discuss both existing and emerging initiatives to improve online security.

Moderator: Dumitru Țira, CEO of Realitatea Media

Speakers:

  • Child safety online. Challenges and perspectives - Victoria Gribineț, Psychologist, child online safety specialist, International Center "La Strada"
  • The impact of the Internet. The specific regional and Moldovan experience - Veaceslav Soltan, Chief prosecutor of the Information Technologies and Cyber Crimes Combating Unite, General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Moldova
  • The latest trends and challenges in the field of cybercrime - Ioan-Cosmin Mihai, Cybercrime Training Officer at the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training (CEPOL)
  • Combating negative manifestations in the virtual space: national aspects - Sergiu Lisnic, Chief of the Electronic payment means Unite of the Cyber Crimes Investigation Directorate of the National Inspectorate of Investigations of the General Inspectorate of Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Moldova
  • DNS security as a way to provide trust on the network -  Mykhailo Melnik, Business Development Manager Palo Alto Networks in MUK Group
  • Diana Doroș, Head of the Directorate for coordination in the field of human rights and social dialogue, State Chancellery 

Over 1.3 billion people worldwide - about 15% of the world's population - experience from some form of disability. The exclusion and marginalization of persons with disabilities is a human rights issue as well as an economic issue for the authorities, including in the Republic of Moldova, where against the backdrop of the pandemic this topic is becoming increasingly important. Digital technologies break traditional barriers to communication, interaction, and access to information for persons with disabilities. The confluence of increasing public and private service provision through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and the growing number of mainstream, everyday ICTs that can be used as accessible devices is changing the paradigm of technology-enabled development for persons with disabilities. Accessible ICT can level the playing field for persons with disabilities across life domains including education, employment, e-governance and civic participation, financial inclusion. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has forever changed the way people interact with each other. In the present circumstances, it has become even more evident that earlier divides may persist and new divides may be created when ICT-enabled development is not accessible to persons with disabilities. As indicated in the UN Secretary General's Digital Cooperation Roadmap, everyone should have an equal opportunity to become empowered through ICT. It means accessibility through not only physical access and skills development, but also design that respects the needs of all people, including those with disabilities. In this context, implementing the internationally recognized W3C Accessibility Guidelines, also known as Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), can take a little more effort to make a website, application, or device accessible and usable for everyone. 

During the session, representatives of civil society, the environment of people with disabilities, the technical community and the government will discuss the existing problems of access and equitable use of digital products and services. This session will address key challenges to the realization of ICT-enabled inclusive development and present policy and practice recommendations for government and development practitioners.

Moderator: Ludmila Malcoci, PHD habilitate, Regional Director of Keystone Human Services International for Central and Eastern Europe

Speakers:

  • National and international policy framework for ensuring accessibility for people with disabilities in Moldova - Galina Climov, Executive director of the Alliance of Organizations for Persons with Disabilities from the Republic of Moldova
  • Digitization of social services for persons with disabilities - Marcela Dilion-Strechie, PhD in sociology, Program Manager at Keystone Moldova
  • Web accessibility for people with visual and hearing disabilities - Victor Koroli, Executive Director of Alliance "Infonet"
  • The institutional mechanism in the field of human rights in the Republic of Moldova - Diana Doroș, Head of the Directorate for coordination in the field of human rights and social dialogue, State Chancellery
  • Practical aspects of the of technology-ensuring access for digital services for persons with disabilities - Vitalie Celonenco, CEO of RTS, web development, security and IT consulting company
  • Olga Tumuruc, Director of the Electronic Government Agency
  • Ministry of Labor and Social Protection

This panel session will examine recent developments and trends impacting Internet freedom across Central and Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on case studies in Moldova, Ukraine, Estonia and Serbia. It will highlight findings from Freedom House’s most recent Freedom on the Net (FOTN) report from 2021 as well as a new policy brief overviewing the environment for online regulation in Moldova.

This year’s FOTN report documents how in the high-stakes battle between governments and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. With a few positive exceptions, the push to regulate the tech industry, which stems in some cases from genuine problems like online harassment and manipulative market practices, is being exploited to subdue free expression and gain greater access to private data. You can read the full report at freedomonthenet.org.

At the same time, Freedom House's new policy brief examines trends in the regulation of the online environment in Moldova, considering the extent to which the country complies with international norms connected to freedom of expression, dissemination of information, and balanced monitoring of online content. ​It calls for the development and application of common principles, norms, and decision-making procedures governing the online environment that are based on a broad multi-stakeholder approach and consider economic, political, and socio-cultural dimensions.

Moderator: Grant Baker, Research Associate for Technology and Democracy at Freedom House

Panelists:

  • Alexei Marciuc, Chairman of the Association“Comunitatea Internet”, National coordinator for the Moldova IGF
  • Olga Kyryliuk, Technical Program Manager at American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI), Chair at South Eastern European Dialogue on Internet Governance (SEEDIG)
  • Hille Hinsberg,  Expert in open government, Proud Engineers, Estonia
  • Mila Bajić,  Researcher at the SHARE Foundation, Serbia

Digital services today is a combination of public, private and hybrid systems (traditional and cloud). Also, based on the principle of interaction of systems, data can come or be transferred from system to system at the national or regional level. This also means that different kinds of data can also be used to generate new data, including for commercial purposes. The growth in the number of information systems gives rise to regulation in the digital sphere at the level of infrastructure, data and their processing. 

In this regard, there is growing concern about the transparency and coordination of decisions on content moderation of the availability of digital infrastructure and digital services in order to prevent monopoly control of certain participants, as well as to ensure transparency and accountability of decisions made.

How to ensure that government regulation, self-regulation and co-regulation approaches to content moderation are compliant with human rights frameworks, are transparent and accountable, and enable a safe, united and inclusive Internet?

What is needed to ensure that existing and future national and international data governance frameworks are effective in mandating the responsible and trustworthy use of data, with respect for privacy and other human rights?

Moderator: Irina Baikulova, Deputy Director of the Public Foundation "Civil Initiatives on Internet Policy"

Speakers:

  • Impact of favorable business environment as enabler for sector development (Moldova IT Park case study) - Natalia Donțu, Administrator of Moldova IT Park
  • The role of the High Technology Park in the Innovation Ecosystem of the Kyrgyz Republic - Chubak Temirov,  Acting Director of the High Technology Park of the Kyrgyz Republic
  • Steps back from security, resilience, trust in times of digital transformation - Alexander Isavnin, Professor of the Moscow Free University
  • The fight against fakes and disinformation: experience and lessons of the Kyrgyz Republic – Elina Karakulova, Country Director of the Internews Network in Kyrgyzstan
  • Trends in Internet regulation and restriction in Kazakhstan - Yelzhan Kabyshev, Director of “Digital Paradigm” Public foundation, Kazakhstan

In this new post-COVID reality identity data has become essential for digital services, from government platforms to social networks.

Today most services exist separately, practically forcing users to create an account for each service / platform separately or ask the data from another service / platform (example: continue with Facebook/Google/etc.). Often, an ordinary user chooses creation of a new independent identities for each of the systems or tries to connect everything to some specific identifier. Considering the fact that for creating a new identity, such data as mail and / or mobile phone number are used, all existing identities become directly or indirectly related to each other.

It is also worth understanding that everything that is published on the Internet becomes public knowledge or, at least, is available to information systems at the level of technical interaction algorithms. Accordingly, understanding the relationships and having time to analyze them, this tangled web of public data can be unraveled, and a lot about the object of research can be found base on the digital footprints.

How fully do we understand what digital footprints are and how much do we leave them behind? How is our data being used by companies, governments and Internet giants? What measures for monitoring and controlling identifiers in public or private services should be implemented? How can we limit the transmitted personal data to the minimum required for the service?

Moderator: Alexandru Donos, Cryptography and information security expert, Co-chairman of ProDataLex

Speakers:

  • Strengthening the financial infrastructure as a way of enhancing trust and transparency in the capital markets - Alexandru Savva, CEO of Single Central Securities Depository
  • Data sovereignty vs data residency - Andrei Rusnac, Information security expert, Co-founder of the Association “Comunitatea Internet”
  • Identity in the online environment and privacy issues - Alexandru Donos, Cryptography and information security expert, Co-chairman of ProDataLex
  • Search for digital traces in cross-border operations of special services - Vladimir Thorik, Investigative journalist, editor at RISE Moldova
  • Declassified agents: how journalists used digital traces and open data to expose Ukrainian intelligence agents who illegally kidnapped Judge Chaus from Moldova - Dmytro Replianchuk, Investigative journalist at Slidstvo.Info, Ukraine

The crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic revealed many problems in traditional education, both for students and pupils, and at the level of organizations. This sparked a digital boom for the learning process. Another element was a broad discussion of the principles of online universities.

To what extent today technologies meet the requirements of the flexibility of the educational process, safety and taking into account the factor of fatigue of teachers and students? What lessons have been learned by the educational segment and the developers of such systems? To what extent does online education today meet the basic requirements of traditional education and is it ready to replace it?

Moderator: Cătălin Aramă, General Director of the General Directorate of Informatics and Digital Communications from “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati

Speakers:

  • Digital approach related to the educational ecosystem in IT education at Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova - Sergiu Tutunaru, Director of the Innovative IT Incubator IT4BA (Information Technologies for Business Application), Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova
  • Digital Transformation in Higher Education - Albena Spasova, Central and Eastern Europe Multi-Country Education Lead at Microsoft
  • The new challenges for the education sector in the context of accelerating the digitization and pandemia - Cătălin Aramă, General Director of the General Directorate of Informatics and Digital Communications from “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati
  • Andrei Rusnac, Information security expert, Co-founder of the Association “Comunitatea Internet”
  • Valerian Vreme, Chief Adviser at the Scientific Council of the National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics, Romania
  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Ministry of Education

Digital safety is a broad term that describes a great many things at once. Operating under a good digital safety is vital to developing a comprehensive defense for the prevention of cyber security breaches. But what does a good safety culture look like, and how can we bridge the gap between what science says and what practitioners do? How can we make it easier for small organizations and individuals to understand, learn about and manage digital safety?

This topic is becoming more prominent in the discussion about what methods protect organizations from security breaches. Leading experts in the field will present up to date research and unique perspectives on how to define, measure and implement digital safety.

Moderator: Asomudin Atoev, Regional project coordinator at The SecDev Foundation

Speakers:

  • Nino Gamisonia, Digital Safety and Remediation Expert for The SecDec Foundation’s CyberSTAR program
  • Artem Goryainov, Technical expert of the CyberSTAR program at The SecDev Foundation
  • Alan Bright, Strategic Communications Manager at The SecDev Foundation, Canada
  • Alexei Marciuc, Moldova Internet Governance Forum (MIGF)

The preliminary version of the Agenda topics was developed on the basis of suggestions received through an open call for inputs as well as series of discussions with representatives of the community from different stakeholder groups. We invite you to contribute to the MIGF 2021 agenda-setting process. We are waiting for your comments, which can be sent via suggestions form on the event website or through social media channels.

This year, the Moldova Internet Governance Forum will take place on October 19-20 in Chisinau in the form of a two-day conference in hybrid format. Everyone who is interested in discussing current issues of Internet governance is invited to participate in the national initiative. To register, use the online form on the website. Registered participants will receive the connection details to join this meeting by e-mail. We look forward to seeing you online!

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